Impact of Nyiragongo Volcanic Eruptions on the Resilience to the COVID-19 and Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
PDF

Keywords

COVID-19
Communicable Disease Control
Disasters
DRC
Ebola
Volcanic Eruptions

How to Cite

Manirambona, E. ., Uwiringiyimana, E., Saidu Musa, S., Niyonkuru, S., Gyeltshen, D., Adebayo Adebisi, Y., & Lucero-Prisno III, D. E. (2022). Impact of Nyiragongo Volcanic Eruptions on the Resilience to the COVID-19 and Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo . Annals of Public Health. https://doi.org/10.55085/aph.2022.592

Abstract

For decades, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been vulnerable to disasters. The most dangerous Nyiragongo volcanic eruption posed a threat to the country, particularly the city of Goma. The explosions on 22 May 2021 caused unfathomable damages, with loss of lives, properties, and the destruction of homes, displacing thousands of people, with thousands of children being left vulnerable as a result. Furthermore, it charred health and school infrastructures and decimated crops, an issue in the population where the COVID-19 has exacerbated the existing fragile health system. Importantly, these eruptions posed a challenge when DRC struggled to end COVID-19 and Ebola through surveillance, preventive measures, and vaccination. It is doubtless that priorities of the emergency have interrupted the surveillance system, thus increasing exposure to the COVID-19 and Ebola transmission. It is critical to provide basic needs to victims of the Nyiragongo volcanic eruptions in the aftermath of such a disaster. Local and global humanitarian organizations are needed to assist residents in relocating. Furthermore, appropriate and adjusted mitigation strategies will significantly prevent Ebola, COVID-19, and other infectious diseases. In this paper, we discuss the impacts of the volcanic eruption on population health and Ebola preparedness and response in the context of the global COVID-19 outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

https://doi.org/10.55085/aph.2022.592
PDF

References

Uremović D. Brief History of Pandemics (Pandemics Throughout History). Psych Pandemic. 2019;7–35. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-15346-5_2

Lucero-Prisno 3rd DE. Disasters, resilience, and the ASEAN integration. Glob Health Action. 2014 Sep 10;7:25134. https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v7.25134

Loretti A, Tegegn Y. Disasters in Africa: old and new hazards and growing vulnerability. World Heal Stat Q. 1996;49(3–4):179–84.

Uexkull NV, d’Errico M, Jackson J. Drought, Resilience, and Support for Violence: Household Survey Evidence from DR Congo. J Confl Resolut. 2020;64(10).

https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0022002720923400

Allard P, Baxter P, Halbwachs M, Kasareka M, Komorowski JC, Joron JL. The most destructive effusive eruption in modern history: Nyiragongo (RD. Congo), January 2002. ADS. 2003. [Accessed 2022 Jan 05]. Available from: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003EAEJA....11970A/abstract

Acland O. Thousands in Goma evacuated amid fears of further volcanic eruption. UN News. 2021.[Accessed 2022 Jan 05]. Available from: https://news.un.org/en/story/2021/05/1093022

World Health Organization. Ebola outbreak 2018-2020- North Kivu-Ituri. Democratic Republic of the Congo. 2020. [Accessed 2022 Jan 05]. Available from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/situations/Ebola-2019-drc-

WHO. Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo. 2021. [Accessed 2022 Jan 05]. Available from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/disease-outbreak-news/item/ebola-virus-disease-democratic-republic-of-the-congo_1

Pinshi C. What impact does COVID-19 have on the Congolese economy and international trade? HAL. 2020. [Accessed 2022 Jan 05]. Available from: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02864308/document

The World Bank in DRC. The World Bank. 2021. [Accessed 2022 Jan 05]. Available from: https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/drc/overview

Wenga JC. Nyiragongo volcano eruption: the aftermath. UNICEF. 2021. [Accessed 2022 Jan 05]. Available from: https://www.unicef.org/drcongo/en/stories/nyiragongo-volcano-eruption-the-aftermath

BBC News. DR Congo: Thousands flee Goma after second volcano warning. 2021. [Accessed 2022 Jan 05]. Available from: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-57240372.

Katoto Patrick DMC. The eruption of Mount Nyiragongo: its health effects will be felt for a long time. Reliefweb. 2021. [Accessed 2022 Jan 05]. Available from: https://reliefweb.int/report/democratic-republic-congo/eruption-mount-nyiragongo-its-health-effects-will-be-felt-long-time

Manirambona E, Adebisi Y A, Lucero- Prisno III D E. Volcanic and Limnic eruption: a potential threat to one health. PAMJ - One Heal. 2021;6(6). https://doi.org/10.11604/pamj-oh.2021.6.6.31861

World Health Organization. Ebola - Democratic Republic of the Congo. 2021. [Accessed 2022 Jan 05]. Available from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/disease-outbreak-news/item/2021-DON325

Ebola - Democratic Republic of the Congo. WHO. 2021. [Accessed 2022 Jan 05]. Available from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/disease-outbreak-news/item/2021-DON325

Transmission of SARS-CoV-2: implications for infection prevention precautions. WHO. 2020. [Accessed 2022 Jan 05]. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/commentaries/detail/transmission-of-sars-cov-2-implications-for-infection-prevention-precautions

Reliefweb. DRC volcano eruption: Red Cross steps up its response amid fears of a “multi-hazard” emergency. 2021. [Accessed 2022 Jan 05]. Available from: https://reliefweb.int/report/democratic-republic-congo/drc-volcano-eruption-red-cross-steps-its-response-amid-fears-multi

Shultz JM, Forbes D. Psychological First Aid: Rapid proliferation and the search for evidence. Disaster Heal. 2013 Aug 2;2(1):3-12. https://doi.org/10.4161/dish.26006

Watson JT, Gayer M, Connolly MA. Epidemics after natural disasters. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Jan;13(1):1–5. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1301.060779

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2022 Manirambona E et al

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.