Interested in submitting to this journal? We recommend that you review the About the Journal page for the journal's section policies, as well as the author guidelines.
Authors need to register with the journal prior to submitting or, if already registered, can simply log in and begin the five-step process.
In this section:
I - ARTICLE PROCESSING CHARGES
VI - SUBMISSION PREPARATION CHECKLIST
VIII - TRANSLATION AND PROOFREADING SERVICES
I- ARTICLE PROCESSING CHARGES
To cover the cost for providing our high-quality publishing service and free access to readers, authors pay a one-time article processing charge (APC) for manuscripts accepted after peer-review. There are no charges for rejected articles, no submission charges, and no surcharges based on the length of an article, figures or supplementary data. Editorial items (Corrections, Additions, Retractions, Comments, etc.) are published free of charge.
The Article Processing Charges are 250 USD (or the equivalent amount in local currency) for each accepted manuscript.
- Manuscripts whose authors are members of our Editorial Board are entitled to apply for a 30% waiver of APC.
- Manuscripts whose authors are affiliated primarily with institutions located in low-income countries (according to World Bank classification) are entitled to apply for a 50% waiver of APC.
At the time of submission of manuscripts, this journal does not request Article Submission Charges, also called Submission Fees.
Articles may be withdrawn within 2 days of submission. Manuscripts (articles) once processed for the peer review process or published online shall be withdrawn with a penalty of 50% of the journal's current APC. Withdrawal of manuscript after publication if paid by the authors, the publication charges will not be refunded.
Withdrawal penalty applies to all submissions without exception, even those that have been granted a discount or a full waiver of the APC.
II- AUTHOR GUIDELINES
1- TERMS OF SUBMISSION
Manuscripts should be submitted online, by one of the authors of the manuscript, through our Online Submission System, or directly by email to firstname.lastname@example.org. Regardless of the source of the word-processing tool, only electronic PDF (.pdf) or Word (.doc, .docx, .rtf) files can be submitted. There is no page limit.
Only online submissions are accepted to facilitate rapid publication and minimize administrative costs. Submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be accepted. The submitting author takes responsibility for the paper during submission and peer review.
A manuscript that does not receive any answer 8 weeks after submission can be resubmitted elsewhere.
Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere and are not currently under consideration by another journal or any other publisher. The submitting author is responsible for ensuring that the article's publication has been approved by all the other coauthors. It is also the authors' responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular institution are submitted with the approval of the necessary institution. Only an acknowledgment from the editorial office officially establishes the date of receipt. Further correspondence and proofs will be sent to the author(s) before publication unless otherwise indicated. It is a condition of submission of a paper that the authors permit editing of the paper for readability.
All manuscripts are subject to peer review and are expected to meet standards of academic excellence. Submissions will be considered by an editor and “if not rejected right away” by peer-reviewers, whose identities will remain anonymous to the authors.
Corrected proofs must be returned to the publisher within 7 days of receipt. The publisher will do everything possible to ensure prompt publication. It will therefore be appreciated if the manuscripts and figures conform from the outset to the style of the journal.
Open Access authors retain the copyrights of their papers, and all open access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.
The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations.
2- SUBMISSION PREPARATION
Title and Authorship Information
The following information should be included
Full author names
Full institutional mailing addresses
The manuscript should contain an abstract. The abstract should be self-contained and citation-free and should not exceed 200 words.
This section should be succinct, with no subheadings.
Materials and Methods
This part should contain sufficient detail so that all procedures can be repeated. It can be divided into subsections if several methods are described.
Results and Discussion
This section may each be divided by subheadings or may be combined.
This should clearly explain the main conclusions of the work highlighting its importance and relevance.
All acknowledgments (if any) should be included at the very end of the paper before the references and may include supporting grants, presentations, and so forth.
Authors are responsible for ensuring that the information in each reference is complete and accurate. All references must be numbered consecutively and citations of references in text should be identified using numbers in square brackets (e.g., “as discussed by Ahmad ”; “as discussed elsewhere [9, 10]”). All references should be cited within the text; otherwise, these references will be automatically removed.
Upon submission of an article, authors are supposed to include all figures and tables in the PDF file of the manuscript. Figures and tables should not be submitted in separate files. All figures should be cited in the paper in a consecutive order. Figures should be supplied in either vector art formats (Illustrator, EPS, WMF, FreeHand, CorelDraw, PowerPoint, Excel, etc.) or bitmap formats (Photoshop, TIFF, GIF, JPEG, etc.). Bitmap images should be of 300 dpi resolution at least unless the resolution is intentionally set to a lower level for scientific reasons. If a bitmap image has labels, the image and labels should be embedded in separate layers.
Tables should be cited consecutively in the text. Every table must have a descriptive title and if numerical measurements are given, the units should be included in the column heading. Vertical rules should not be used.
Abbreviations and Symbols
Use only standard abbreviations; the use of nonstandard abbreviations can be confusing to readers. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript. The spelled-out abbreviation followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis should be used on first mention unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement.
A competing interest exists when professional judgment concerning the validity of research is influenced by a secondary interest, such as financial gain. We require that our authors reveal any possible conflict of interests in their submitted manuscripts.
If there is no conflict of interests, authors should state that “The author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this article.”
3- MAIN TYPES OF SUBMISSIONS
All review articles undergo the same peer-review and editorial process as original research reports. They cover a wide variety of clinical and mechanistic areas. In general, the text is limited to 3000 words, with a maximum of 5 figures and 5 tables (total), and up to 80 references.
Original Articles are scientific reports of the results of original clinical research. The text is limited to 3000 words, with an abstract, a maximum of 5 tables and 5 figures, and up to 40 references.
When publishing clinical studies, Biology Insights (BI) aims to comply with the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) on trials registration. Therefore, authors are requested to register the clinical trial presented in the manuscript in a public trials registry and include the trial registration number at the end of the abstract. The text is limited to 3000 words, with an abstract, a maximum of 5 tables and 5 figures, and up to 40 references.
Brief Reports usually describe one to three patients or a single family. The text is limited to 2000 words, a maximum of 2 tables and 4 figures, and up to 20 references. They begin with a brief summary of no more than 200 words. The maximum number of authors allowed for case reports is 4.
A case series is a group or series of case reports involving patients who were given similar treatment. Reports of case series usually contain detailed information about the individual patients. This includes demographic information (for example, age, gender, ethnic origin) and information on diagnosis, treatment, response to treatment, and follow-up after treatment. The text is limited to 2000 words, a maximum of 2 tables and 4 figures, and up to 20 references. They begin with a brief summary of no more than 200 words. The maximum number of authors allowed for case series is 4.
Images in Clinical Medicine
The title should contain no more than eight words. No more than two authors may be listed. The legend should contain no more than 400 words. Introduction and discussion are not necessary. Consequently, citing references and creating a bibliography is not needed. Any information that might identify the patient or hospital, including the date, should be removed from the image. The maximum number of authors allowed for Clinical Medicine Images is 2.
4- OTHER TYPES OF SUBMISSIONS
Editorials usually provide commentary and analysis concerning an article in the issue of the Journal in which they appear. They may include 1 figure or table. They are nearly always solicited, although unsolicited editorials may occasionally be considered. Editorials are limited to 1000 words, with up to 10 references.
Letters to the Editor provide a forum for readers to comment about articles recently published in the Journal, and they are a place to publish concise articles, such as reports of novel cases. Letters to the Editor are limited to 750 words, with up to 10 references.
Perspective articles are accessible pieces covering a wide variety of timely topics of relevance to health care and medicine. We welcome submissions and proposals. Perspective articles are limited to 2000 words and usually include one figure and/or one table. There is a maximum of 20 references.
Special Reports are miscellaneous articles of special interest to the medical community. They are limited to 2000 words, with up to 15 references.
Medicine and Society articles cover a range of social aspects of medicine and health care, including medical sociology, anthropology, history, and ethics, among other areas. We welcome submissions and proposals. The text is limited to 2000 words, with up to 15 references.
5- REPORTING GUIDELINES
Authors are strongly encouraged to use appropriate reporting guidelines when preparing and submitting manuscripts, to maximise transparency and reproducibility. Our editors and reviewers are also encouraged to use them in the review process. Completed checklists should be provided in the supplementary files on submission. We particularly encourage the use of:
- CONSORT for randomized controlled trials
- TREND for non-randomized trials
- PRISMA for systematic review and meta-analyses
- CARE for case reports
- STROBE for observational studies
- STREGA for genetic association studies
- SRQR for qualitative studies
- STARD for diagnostic accuracy studies
- ARRIVE for animal experiments
III- ETHICAL GUIDELINES
In any studies that involve experiments on human or animal subjects, the following ethical guidelines must be observed. For any human experiments, all work must be conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki (2013 seventh revision). Papers describing experimental work on human subjects who carry a risk of harm must include a statement that the experiment was conducted with the understanding and the consent of the human subject, as well as a statement that the responsible Ethical Committee has approved the experiments. In the case of any animal experiments, the authors should provide a full description of any anesthetic and surgical procedure used, as well as evidence that all possible steps were taken to avoid animal suffering at each stage of the experiment.
Mediterranean Journals follows the Code of Conduct and the Best Practice Guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). It adheres to the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly work in Medical Journals of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).
The Editorial Board of each journal is responsible for the form the peer review process will take; therefore, all authors in the biomedical field must adhere to the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals. Mediterranean Journals endorse the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) Policy Statement on Geopolitical Intrusion on Editorial Decisions, too.
IV- ANTI-PLAGIARISM POLICY
Biology Insights (BI) regards plagiarism as a very serious offense. It is an illegal form of copying. Plagiarism is defined as the unacknowledged use of the work of others as if this were your own original work.
Manuscripts will be carefully scrutinized for evidence of plagiarism, duplication, and data manipulation; in particular, images will be carefully examined for any indication of intentional improper modification.
All submissions we receive are checked for plagiarism by using online available tools as iThenticate.
Any suspected misconduct ends up with a quick rejection and is then reported to the European Network of Research Integrity Offices and to the US Office of Research Integrity.
Examples of plagiarism
- Copying and pasting from the Internet and posting somewhere else without proper citation
- Putting your name on another person’s essay or project
- Copying exact wording from another person’s text
- Using another person’s photo, diagram, tables, sounds, or ideas without proper citation
- Presenting research in your own words without providing references
- Purchasing another person’s text and using it as your own
- Presenting ideas in the same format and order as your research source
By submitting paper for publication to the journal, Author(s) certify that
- They are fully aware that plagiarism is wrong
- They know that plagiarism is the use of another person’s idea or published work and to pretend that it is one’s own.
- They declare that each contribution to your project from the work(s) of other peoples published works or unpublished sources have been acknowledged and source of information have been referenced.
- They certify that you are solely responsible for any incomplete reference that may remain in my/our work.
Author's anti-plagiarism declaration :
- I have read and understood the Biology Insights (BI) rules on plagiarism.
- I hereby declare that this piece of written work is the result of my own independent scholarly work and that in all cases material from the work of others (in books, articles, essays, dissertations, and on the internet) is acknowledged, and quotations and paraphrases are clearly indicated.
- No material other than that listed has been used.
- This written work has not been published previously.
V- INFORMED CONSENT
Mediterranean journals strictly follow the ICMJE Protection of Research Participants policy. Patients have a right to privacy that should not be violated without informed consent. When informed consent has been obtained, editors may request authors to provide a copy before making the editorial decision. Authors can find a template for the Informed Consent here.
Manuscripts must be reviewed with due respect for authors' confidentiality. In submitting their manuscripts for review, authors entrust editors with the results of their scientific work and creative effort, on which their reputation and career may depend. Authors' rights may be violated by the disclosure of confidential details during the review of their manuscript. Reviewers also have the rights to confidentiality, which must be respected by the editor. Confidentiality may have to be breached if dishonesty or fraud is alleged but otherwise must be honored. Editors must not disclose information about manuscripts (including their receipt, content, status in the reviewing process, criticism by reviewers, or ultimate fate) to anyone other than the authors and reviewers. This includes requests to use the materials for legal proceedings.
VI- SUBMISSION PREPARATION CHECKLIST
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
- The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
- The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
- Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
- The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
- The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
- If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
VII- COPYRIGHT NOTICE
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to deposit both their pre- and post-prints in Open-Access institutional archives or repositories. The primary benefit of pre- and post-print self-archiving is reaching a larger audience which enhances the visibility and impact of your research.
VIII- TRANSLATION AND PROOFREADING SERVICES
TransEditing can assist you with the translation of your scientific papers into English. The procedure followed consists of two steps or layers in order to guarantee that the English version is fully professional, fully idiomatic, and stylistically pleasing. Our service is based on two-layered checking and control system for translations:
Step 1: Translation of your paper into English by one translator or more.
Step 2: Polishing and finetuning the translation by native speakers.
If your paper is already written in English but you feel that its formulation requires correction or may not be fully idiomatic, native speakers associated with our proofreading service will turn your text into impeccable English.
Please send your manuscript by email to email@example.com and place either the term "translate" or the term "proofread" in the heading. A price will be quoted to you within 12 hours after submission of the paper. The price quoted will depend on both your paper's length and its subject matter.
Translating a paper into English will typically be completed in five business days.
Proofreading a paper written in English will usually take three business days.
We offer our authors very competitive pricing.